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GEOSTRING – In Place MEMS Inclinometer





The GEOSTRING inclinometer is a string of closely spaced MEMS sensors, ideal for real time continuous and unattended monitoring of lateral displacement of soil, rock and structures.



The GEOSTRING system consists of a number of sensor nodes in a vertical string installed in either 70mm (2.75-inch) diameter inclinometer casing, 85mm (3.3-inch) inclinometer casing or in 38mm (1.5-inch) diameter Schedule 40 PVC pipe.

The pipe or casing provides access for subsurface measurements. The joints between each sensor are robust, allowing the system to maintain a consistent orientation of all the nodes, regardless of whether it is installed in ABS inclinometer casing or PVC pipe.

The pipe or casing is typically installed in a vertical borehole that passes through a suspected zone of movement. The nodes are spaced at 2 ft (imperial version) or 0.5m (metric version) intervals and provide a reading resolution similar to a  traversing probe. The system spans the zone of movement occurs, the pipe/casing moves as well, changing the inclination of the nodes inside.

Inclination measurements from the nodes are processed to provide graphs of the casing profile and changes in the profile. Changes indicate displacement (movement).

The system requires casings, GEOSTRING segments, a suspension kit, a bottom plug and a jumper cable.

Nodes, cables, connectors and gage rods are exceptionally durable, making it practical to remove the systems at the end of the project and redeploy them on other projects.

The GEOSTRING system is connected to a SENSLOG data acquisition system, and readings are transmitted to processing software that can trigger alarms based on displacements or rate of change.

A number of Campbell Scientific data loggers can be integrated in a Roctest Senslog for GEOSTRING systems. Two GEOSTRING systems can be connected on a CR6 or a CR1000X. With an MD485 module per GEOSTRING system, the CR1000 can read up to five systems, the CR800 three systems and the CR300 one system.

GEOSTRING systems have joints capable of bending to 90°, allowing for a compact shipping option. Five segments, each 10 feet long (imperial version) or 2.5m long (metric version), can be shipped in a carton measuring approximately 64 x 64 x 64 cm (26 x 26 x 26 in) and which weigths less than 22 kilograms (50 pounds). Because of its compact size, the system can be shipped via standard overnight service.

Sensor typeMEMS (Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems) tilt sensors for inclination readings
Thermistor for temperature readings
Calibrated Range±30 degrees from vertical over a temperature range of -10°C to +40°C
Resolution with SENSLOG9 arc seconds or 0.04 mm/m using the CR1000 data logger
Repeatability±82 arc seconds or ±0.4 mm/m
Power requirementsMinimum supply voltage of 10 Vdc. Maximum supply voltage of 30 Vdc.
Digital RS485 signal requires Campbell Scientific data logger
HousingStainless steel, 32 mm diameter, waterproof to 2 MPa
Weight0.54 kg per 0.6m (1.2 lb per 2 feet) gauge length
WaterproofWaterproof to 2 MPa (300 psi)
Signal CableJumper Cable for connecting the system to the datalogger.
Connectors are rated to 70 MPa (10,000 psi)
Casing70 mm (2.75 in) diameter casing
38 mm (1.5 in) Schedule 40 PVC Pipe
Data LoggerCompatible with CR6, CR300, CR800, CR1000 & CR1000X Data Loggers
MD485 RS-485 Interface required for CR300, CR800 & CR1000 Data Loggers
Ordering Info

Metric Version

DescriptionLengthLengthInclinometer Casing SystemInclinometer Casing System
(m)(ft)70 mm (2,75 in)85 mm (3,34  in)
GEOSTRING Standard Segment
GEOSTRING Segment , 5 Sensor2.58,2FR-0387050400FR-0387050600
GEOSTRING Custom Segments
GEOSTRING Custom Segment. 4 Sensor2,06,56FR-0387050420FR-0387050620
GEOSTRING Custom Segment, 3 Sensor1,54,92FR-0387050415FR-0387050615
GEOSTRING Custom Segment, 2 Sensor1,03,28FR-0387050410FR-0387050610
GEOSTRING Custom Segment, 1 Sensor0,51,64FR-0387050405FR-0387050605
GEOSTRING Dummy Segments
Dummy  GEOSTRING Segment1,54,9240-038704081540-0387041015
Dummy  GEOSTRING Segment0,56,5640-038704080540-0387041005
GEOSTRING Required Accessories
Suspension Kit, GEOSTRING40-038704041040-0387040430
Jumper Cable, GEOSTRING to Logger5016440-038704035040-0387040350
Jumper Cable, GEOSTRING to Logger258240-038704032540-0387040325
Bottom Plug, GEOSTRING, 6 Pin Seacon40-038704050040-0387040500
GEOSTRING Replacement Accessories
Replacement Centralizer40-038704061040-0387040610
GEOSTRING Clevis Pin with Head40-038704110040-0387041100

Imperial Version

DescriptionLengthLengthInclinometer Casing SystemSchedule 40 PVC Pipe System
(m)(ft)70 mm (2.75 in)38 mm (1.5 in)
GEOSTRING Standard Segment
5 Sensor GEOSTRING Standard Segment3.04810FR-0387050100FR-0387050200
GEOSTRING Custom Segments
4 Sensor GEOSTRING Custom Segment2.4388FR-0387050108FR-0387050208
3 Sensor GEOSTRING Custom Segment1.8286FR-0387050106FR-0387050206
2 Sensor GEOSTRING Custom Segment1.2194FR-0387050104FR-0387050204
1 Sensor GEOSTRING Custom Segment0.6092FR-0387050102FR-0387050202
GEOSTRING Dummy Segments
Dummy  GEOSTRING Segment1.524540-038704010540-0387040205
Dummy  GEOSTRING Segment0.609240-038704010240-0387040202
GEOSTRING Required Accessories
Suspension Kit, GEOSTRING40-038704041040-0387040420
Jumper Cable, GEOSTRING to Logger5016440-038704035040-0387040350
Jumper Cable, GEOSTRING to Logger258240-038704032540-0387040325
Bottom Plug, GEOSTRING, 6 Pin Seacon40-038704050040-0387040500
GEOSTRING Replacement Accessories
Replacement Centralizer40-038704061040-0387040620
GEOSTRING Clevis Pin with Head40-038704070040-0387040700
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